Born from a submerged volcano, Reunion has never been a part of any continent. Life has therefore prospered in many different ways, depending on the altitude and the varying quantities of rainfall.
- Savannah and dry forest : the grassy auburn plains, covered in thorny vegetation, spread across the hills in the west;
- Semi-dry forests: these areas consist of the lower slopes hewn in two by the ravines on the leeward coast, and are home to considerable numbers of rare and protected species;
- The forests at lower altitude: In the ‘Wild South’ and on the lower slopes in the east, these woods have an incredible wealth of vegetation (over 40 species of trees, some unique). Orchids, mosses and ferns all contribute to the magic;
- The forests at higher altitude: all over the island, this ‘misty forest’ boasts lush green vegetation and huge trees covered in lichen, moss and many epiphytic plants.
- The upper tamarind forests: these are only found in Reunion, and are spread across flatter areas at altitude, where the tamarind trees have been gnarled and twisted by the strong cyclonic winds.
- The peaks: above 1700m altitude, the moors and heaths give way to rocky and sparse mineral terrain, the closer one gets to the highest peaks.
All these types of vegetation are present in the Natural, Protected Spaces managed by the island’s General Council in partnership with the areas, towns, the State and all involved parties.