This earned it the privilege of joining the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2010 for its “Pitons, Cirques and Ramparts”.
Reunion’s rich terrestrial, marine and aquatic biodiversity features nearly 230 endemic plant species, twenty or so species of birds, and a fascinating array of reptiles and insects. The island is also very active when it comes to safeguarding the turtles.
As one of the world’s 34 biodiversity hotspots, Reunion Island invites you on a journey of discovery. Indigenous ecosystems are still well-preserved on land, with some particularly unusual fauna and flora. The coastline and coral reefs are quite remarkable, the volcano is the island’s geological heritage, and Reunion is also home to a huge variety of outstanding landscapes.
Various sustainable development and biodiversity operators on Reunion are committed to conservation and protection, and to showcasing the island’s natural riches. This is especially important here, as a number of endemic species are threatened with extinction.
- Authorities (Government, Reunion Regional Council, Local Council)
- La Réunion National Park
- National Forestry Office (ONF)
- Local group for observation and identification of cetaceans (GLOBICE)
- Reunion’s nature reserves
- Office de l’Eau (water authority)
- Kélonia, Reunion Island’s marine nature reserve (RNMR)
- Société d’études ornithologiques de La Réunion (SEOR) (birdwatching society)
- Conservatoire Botanique National de Mascarin (CBNM) (national botanical conservatory)
- Centre d’Etude et de Découverte des Tortues Marines (CEDTM) (sea turtle study centre)
The efficient protection of ecosystems also requires the participation of the local people who occupy those ecosystems and are sometimes required to change their habits. They need to understand the necessity to safeguard their natural heritage.